Nonphysician providers (NPPs) in radiology practices include nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and radiologist assistants. The number of NPPs has been increasing both within and outside of radiology departments. In order for leaders in radiology departments to incorporate NPPs effectively into their practice, they require nuanced knowledge of appropriate coding and billing for services these professionals render. Furthermore, the existing body of literature suggests that with a defined and appropriate scope of practice and proper supervision, NPPs can provide care that is at least equivalent to that provided by attending physicians for narrowly defined tasks. A broader understanding of the rapidly evolving NPP workforce both within radiology practices and throughout other health care specialties will inform practice leaders who are adapting to a health care system that is moving rapidly toward value-based incentive payment models. ©RSNA, 2018.

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